September 8 – November 11, 2006

In 1977, in the alternative New York exhibition space Artists Space, the art critic Douglas Crimp presented a young group of artists under the exhibition title “Pictures”. The group, which included Sherrie Levine and Robert Longo among others, were united by one thing: their works were shaped by the practice of quoting, excerpting, copying and reproducing. A few years later, the term Appropriation Art was coined or this form of artistic practice, which critically addresses art’saddiction to innovation as well as the dominance of images in the mass media: Appropriation Art meaning the strategic borrowing of alien visual representations. An important forerunner in this context was Elaine Sturtevant, who reproduced images by Frank Stella or reworked silk-screenings by Warhol with the original printing screens as far back as the beginning of the 1960s.

It is here that the work of Markus Ebner, who radically rejects the prevailing dictum to invent something new, ties in. On a conceptual basis, he poses the question of the possible content of art today, questions the precepts and contents of the Modern and post-Modern and the idle nature of a society that permanently quotes, repeats, and as a result is itself an “appropriator”. Ebner copies the work of his teacher Günther Fruhtrunk, possesses it, and allows it to become his own. Markus Ebner’s method of copying finds an art immanent motivation in the significant analogy to Fruhtrunk’s work processes themselves, which register numerous variations of one and the same motif over a period of many years. Three of the works from the composition acquired for the DaimlerChrysler collection, Dehnung nach Innen (Inward Expansion) from 1974 and 1975, are well known.

<It is all the more interesting how Ebner introduces this concept of repetition into the art of painting. For painting itself has such an ingrained acceptance of reproduction as a means to study works of art, whether within institutions of academia or within the private realm for the purpose of enjoyment. In contrast however to this accepted practice of artistic reproduction, Ebner offers forth a draft of the original works while at the same time denying access to the original paintings themselves. Ebner is certainly no “painting counterfeiter” nor is he simply a skilled copyist, for him the copying is taken as a position in view of the situation that too much energy is spent on “novelty” and too little on the complex perception of the qualities within the actual works of art. Ebner selected Günter Fruhtrunk’s work specifically because of both the style of the works and the superficial reception that the original works received. (…)

In this sense there can be seen to be extreme differences in meaning between the original works of Günter Fruhtrunk and those of Ebner. Fruhtrunk’s work is specifically located within the clear pictorial language in the philosophical spirit of the Frankfurt School, and is a manifestation of criticism for authoritarian and corrupt social structures. He presented this critique in public speeches, letters and essays with an incomparable radicalism. As Fruhtrunk exposed these ideas through radicalism, Ebner on the other hand watches from an aesthetic point of view as the clearness of the forms take on a wild spectacle as that of a short lived terror. Ebner is uncompromising in his perspective of instilled distance.> (Michael Hauffen)

Renate Wiehager
Minimalism and After, Catalogue DaimlerChrysler Collection, Hatje Cantz Verlag 2006